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  • Una mochila para el universo - Elsa Punset August 21, 2017
    ¿Cuánto debe durar un abrazo? ¿De qué sirve llorar? ¿Qué podemos hacer para cambiar nuestra suerte? ¿Tiene algún propósito el enamoramiento? ¿Y por qué es tan inevitable el desamor? ¿Cómo aprendemosa tener miedo? ¿A partir de qué edad empezamos a mentir? ¿Por qué sentimos envidia? ¿Cuántos amigos necesitamos para ser felices? ¿Podemos evitar estresarnos sin […]
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  • La teoría del todo - Stephen W. Hawking August 21, 2017
    Una manera clara y amena de acercarse a los misterios del universo. En esta esclarecedora obra, el gran físico británico Stephen Hawking nos ofrece una historia del universo, del big bang a los agujeros negros. En siete pasos, Hawking logra explicar la historia del universo, desde las primeras teorías del mundo griego y de la época medieval hasta las más com […]
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  • La física del futuro - Michio Kaku August 21, 2017
    Un recorrido asombroso a través de los próximos cien años de revolución científica. El futuro ya se está inventando en los laboratorios de los científicos más punteros de todo el mundo. Con toda probabilidad, en 2100 controlaremos los ordenadores a través de diminutos sensores cerebrales y podremos mover objetos con el poder de nuestras mentes, la inteligenc […]
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  • Tricks Any Dog Can Do! - Susan Day August 21, 2017
    This great book comes with advice and guidance as to the best way to teach these tricks. It offers more than one method which the reader can choose depending upon their own situation. There is also advice to using treats and shows you how to not end up with a treat junkie! This books is from the desk of Susan Day, a canine behaviourist. Susan teaches obedien […]
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  • El gran diseño - Stephen Hawking & Leonard Mlodinow August 21, 2017
    Aun antes de aparecer, este libro ha venido precedido, en todos los medios de comunicación, de una extraordinaria polémica sobre  sus conclusiones: que tanto nuestro universo como los otros muchos universos posibles surgieron de la nada, porque su creación no requiere de la intervención de ningún Dios o ser sobrenatural, sino que todos los universos pro […]
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  • Breve historia de mi vida - Stephen Hawking August 21, 2017
    La mente maravillosa de Stephen Hawking ha deslumbrado al mundo entero revelando los misterios del universo. Ahora, por primera vez, el cosmólogo más brillante de nuestra era explora, con una mirada reveladora, su propia vida y evolución intelectual. Breve historia de mi vida cuenta el sorprendente viaje de Stephen Hawking desde su niñez […]
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  • Física General Esencial - Agustín Vázquez Sánchez August 21, 2017
    La nueva edición del ebook contiene ahora ocho temas completos de física y una sección de prácticas para realizar en casa. Se han corregido errores y agregado más ejemplos y ejercicios además de recursos multimedia en todos los capítulos.  Los ejemplos resueltos se presentan paso a paso a través de una solución algebraica con lo cual se evitan errores n […]
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  • A Brief History of Time - Stephen Hawking August 21, 2017
    #1  NEW YORK TIMES  BESTSELLER A landmark volume in science writing by one of the great minds of our time, Stephen Hawking’s book explores such profound questions as: How did the universe begin—and what made its start possible? Does time always flow forward? Is the universe unending—or are there boundaries? Are there other dimensions in space? What […]
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  • Ágilmente - Estanislao Bachrach August 21, 2017
    Bachrach es Doctor en biología molecular y explica el funcionamiento del cerebro. A través de ello, da consejos y herramientas para ser más creativos y felices en el trabajo y en la vida. La neurociencia es clara: el cerebro aprende hasta el último día de vida. La creatividad puede expandirse. Tu mente, mediante la aplicación de las técnicas correctas, puede […]
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  • Sobre la teoría de la relatividad especial y general - Albert Einstein August 21, 2017
    Entre el Electromagnetismo y la Mecánica newtoniana existe una fórmula de bisagra: la teoría de la relatividad especial y general. La importancia del nuevo marco planteado por Albert Einstein se entiende por lo siguiente: la percepción del tiempo y el espacio es relativa al observador. ¿Qué significa esto? Si usted viaja a una velocidad mayor que la de la lu […]
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Turkey’s Alevis, a Muslim Minority, Fear a Policy of Denying Their Existence

Wary of Sunni dominance of public life, Alevis are key stakeholders in the secular Turkish state, and yet have suffered under staunchly secular governments, too. They exemplify the parts of Turkey that feel most threatened by Mr. Erdogan — secularists and minorities like the Kurds and Alevis — while highlighting both the authoritarianism and religious nationalism that predated him, as well as the disparate nature of the coalition that opposes him.“Secularists talk about Erdogan as an Islamist, whereas Alevis often look at him as explicitly Sunni,” said Howard Eissenstat, a Turkey expert at St. Lawrence University and nonresident senior fellow at the Project on Middle East Democracy, a think tank in Washington.Under Mr. Erdogan, Mr […]

Europe Edition: Vladimir Putin, Donald Trump, Poland: Your Wednesday Briefing

#briefing-market-module.interactive-embedded .interactive-caption { display: none; } Market Snapshot View Full Overview In the News Photo Credit Valery Hache/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images • Wildfires continue to roar across Southern Europe, fed by strong winds, dry weather and high heat. Above, firefighters battling a blaze near Nice, France. [The New York Times] • Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, condemned Turkey for the pretrial detention of a German security consultant who was arrested, along with human rights activists, at a security workshop in Istanbul. [Deutsche Welle] • Human rights advocates fear that the possible closure of the State Department’s office in charge of combating war crimes would hamper efforts to publicize atrocities. [The New York Times] • In Saudi Arabia, the police arrested a woman who wore a miniskirt in a widely circulated video. […]

An Estimated 50,000 Syrians Have Now Left Eastern Aleppo

BEIRUT (AP) — Weeping, hobbling on crutches or dragging suitcases, hundreds of survivors of a devastating government bombardment and siege left the last sliver of opposition-held Aleppo on Thursday, an evacuation that sealed the end of the rebellion’s most important stronghold and was a watershed moment in Syria’s 5-year-old civil war. For the opposition, it was a humiliating defeat. A smiling President Bashar Assad called it a historic event comparable to the birth of Christ and the revelation of the Quran. A U.N. official described it as “a black chapter in the history of international relations.” Traumatized residents filtered out to green government buses on a chilly day through Aleppo’s streets lined with flattened buildings. Years of resistance were stamped out in a relentless campaign over the past month that saw hospitals bombed, bodies left unburied and civilians blown apart by shells as they fled for safety. “We struggled for six years. We were supposed to be the ones to get them out, not them us,” said one tearful woman who held a baby, speaking in a video posted online by an opposition activist. She explained that it wasn’t the bombardment that forced them out. “We left because we feared for our honor from the regime,” the unidentified woman said. Under a surrender deal brokered by Russia and Turkey, tens of thousands of residents and rebel fighters are being evacuated to opposition-controlled areas in the surrounding countryside, a process likely to take several days. They said it was too dangerous to go to government-held areas, where they faced potential retribution from security services alleged to carry out arrests and torture of opposition sympathizers. Many are of fighting age and don’t want to be drafted into the military. “We slept in the streets. It’s shameful,” a unidentified man said in an opposition video. “Where is the world?” Leaning on crutches and sobbing uncontrollably, he described fleeing the bombardment. “You don’t know if it’s an airplane or shelling or rockets. You never know,” he added. Eastern Aleppo rose in revolt against Assad in 2012 and battled since then with the western, government-held part of the city in one of the most horrific and destructive fronts of the civil war. The rebels’ hold in Syria’s onetime commercial powerhouse was a major point of pride, and at times it seemed an invulnerable part of what was once a growing opposition-held patch of territory in the north. But government forces finally surrounded eastern Aleppo and then battered it to pieces. The air and ground campaign by Syrian troops — backed by Russian warplanes and forces from Assad’s regional allies — relentlessly wore away at the enclave. Hundreds of civilians were killed, and tens of thousands fled to government-held areas. The pocket was reduced to a few blocks packed with the bloodied, exhausted and demoralized but also die-hard opposition forces. For Assad, the victory puts most major cities under his control and raises hopes for the beginning of the end of the revolt. “History is being made,” an upbeat Assad proclaimed in a video on social media. “What is happening is bigger than congratulations,” he said, calling it comparable to Christ’s birth and the revelation of Islam’s holy Quran to Muhammad. Twenty buses with Assad’s picture displayed in the windshields and 26 ambulances carried the civilians, including more than 50 sick or wounded, from the devastated Ameriyeh neighborhood. They drove through government-held districts to Rashideen, a rebel-held area outside Aleppo, the International Committee of the Red Cross and Syrian state media said. Hundreds of government supporters cheered the convoy on as it crossed through government territory. Referring to the rebels, the state’s SANA news agency said 951 “terrorists and their families” were evacuated. An estimated 70,000 civilians are waiting to be evacuated, said Mohammed Abu Jaafar, the head of the forensics department in the enclave. He added that a “tremendous crowd” showed up at the buses Thursday. Anadolu Agency—Getty Images Civilians trying to flee from East Aleppo, which has been under siege by Iran-led Shiite militias and Assad regime forces, wait to be evacuated from the Amiriyah District of Aleppo, Syria, on December 15, 2016. Some of the evacuees burned belongings that they couldn’t take with them, said Wissam Zarqa, an English teacher and an opposition activist still in eastern Aleppo. “Maybe most of them are happy that they are going to safety. Some of them are angry that they are leaving their city. Some people want to leave ASAP,” he said. “As for me, I will try to leave Aleppo as late as possible.” Online video showed hundreds crowding around the buses at the departure site. Many lugged suitcases or dragged bags behind them. Fires were kindled in barrels for warmth as the wounded sat in wheelchairs and others hobbled on crutches. Photos circulated online showed the graffiti on destroyed buildings: “Love will bring us back. 15/12/2016,” and “Under each building destroyed, a family is buried with its dreams. Bashar and his allies buried them.” Once the evacuees arrived in rural areas, opposition gunmen and locals gathered and chanted, “God is great” — less in defiance than in gratitude for their survival. A Syrian opposition figure said local councils in Idlib and Aleppo provinces have been trying to find housing for them, but he said many will have to stay in camps. Turkey, which supports the opposition, promised to treat the wounded, according to Brita Haj Hassan, a member of Aleppo’s local council, speaking from exile in Brussels. Syrian state TV said a separate convoy of 29 buses and ambulances moved to Foua and Kefraya, two nearby villages loyal to the government, to evacuate the sick and others who were subjected to a siege by rebels. Iran had demanded to tie the evacuations from Foua and Kefraya with Aleppo’s. Syrian rebels say any evacuation of those villages is supposed to be accompanied by one from Zabadani and Madaya, two besieged opposition-held towns west of Damascus, according to an agreement between the government and rebels. The U.N. denounced that deal. In Geneva, U.N. humanitarian aid coordinator for Syria Jan Egeland said the international body was had been locked out of the evacuation plans and pro-government forces have blocked some aid vehicles from entering rebel-held districts. An estimated 50,000 people have fled eastern Aleppo, he said. “It took 4,000 years to build Aleppo — hundreds of generations. One generation managed to tear it down in four years,” Egeland said. “We feel all strongly that the history of Aleppo through this war will be a black chapter in the history of international relations,” he said, adding that the city “gave to world civilization, and world civilization was not there to assist the people of Aleppo when they needed us the most.” ___ Associated Press writers Bassem Mroue in Beirut, Jamey Keaten in Geneva and Dominique Soguel in Istanbul contributed. […]

From Saudi Skyscrapers to Turkish Tunnels

What do the world’s tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia, a sea-water-desalination system in Cyprus, and an underwater tunnel in Turkey all have in common? They all represent challenges that growing cities face, and in all these projects, BASF has helped to meet these challenges. It is estimated that more than 70 percent of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. Many will live in megacities of up to 50 or 60 million people, in countries like China or India. These are the reasons why the United Nations has made “Sustainable Cities and Communities” one of the proposed 17 global Sustainable Development Goals. The increasing urbanization gives rise to a host of questions: What will our cities look and sound like in the future? How can more and more people find living space and maintain quality of life? Do we have enough resources, such as water, electricity and clean air, for everyone? How can we improve urban mobility with the least impact on the environment? At BASF, finding answers to such questions is at the core of our business. Space is limited in big cities — that’s why one trend is to build upwards. The world’s tallest skyscraper, the Kingdom Tower, in the port city of Jeddah uses our concrete admixture, which allows concrete to be poured at record heights. Cities demand great quantities of resources like water. Sea-water desalination is an opportunity for coastal cities to secure their long-term supply of water. Our ultrafiltration technology transforms saltwater into drinking water in the coastal city of Famagusta, Cyprus; our membranes made from high-performance plastic prepare the seawater for desalination. Megacities like Istanbul need efficient transportation and are looking for solutions to reduce traffic noise and exhaust. An alternative to the Bosporus Bridge highway was recently opened: the Marmaray Tunnel under the Bosporus. BASF technologies contributed: A special injection foam to prevent water ingress and a concrete formulation to earthquake-proof the tunnel were used in its construction. These are just a few examples from our portfolio of solutions for the challenges caused by rapidly expanding urbanization. How do we address these challenges? We innovate. We create new products and solutions that meet the sustainability needs of our customers and of the society. We ensure that our production methods are safe and efficient. Research and development are key here. BASF spends almost 2 billion euros a year on research and development. Innovation has been the source of our success since the company was founded in 1865. Our research pipeline has more than 3,000 projects — more than 60 percent of these projects result in products and solutions with a substantial contribution to sustainability. BASF has been committed to creating sustainable practices throughout its 150-year history. Our “Verbund principle” of integration enables us to add value as one company through efficient use of our resources. Our understanding of sustainability encompasses environmental and social aspects, as well as economic considerations. We see sustainability as a starting point for new business opportunities and as a significant engine for our growth. In São Paulo, Brazil, BASF has built with numerous partners “Casa E” — the country’s first energy-efficient house — to showcase to architects, builders and the Brazilian public innovative products and technologies that enable significant energy savings. The combination of smart building materials leads to 70 percent lower-energy consumption compared to a conventional house. Other new materials have helped to cut the amount of water used in the cement by 40 percentage, while lowering CO2 emissions throughout construction. Another project of BASF and its partners is the development of a “Low Income House.” Since August 2015, a 3D prototype of this house is presented to the public in São Paulo as one answer to tackle the housing problems in Brazil. We know that such innovations do not spring up in vacuum. Today, even more than ever, innovations need cooperation. In BASF’s anniversary year, we are connecting people more than before in order to open up new ways of thinking, to gather ideas and to discover new methods and solutions. We are bringing people together at six locations around the world — Mumbai, Shanghai, New York, São Paulo, Barcelona and Ludwigshafen — as part of our “Creator Space” tour, a year-long global-event series addressing the challenges relating to urban living, smart energy and food. We organize this event series because we are convinced: Finding solutions to tackle the challenges of rapid urbanization and to make tomorrow’s cities more livable, can only be achieved together. For this reason, we have also been supporting the U.N. Global Compact and its work since 2000 as a founding member — driven by the desire to shape together a future that we want to live and work in. This post is part of a series produced by The Huffington Post, “What’s Working: Sustainable Development Goals,” in conjunction with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The proposed set of milestones will be the subject of discussion at the UN General Assembly meeting on Sept. 25-27, 2015 in New York. The goals, which will replace the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015), cover 17 key areas of development — including poverty, hunger, health, education, and gender equality, among many others. As part of The Huffington Post’s commitment to solutions-oriented journalism, this What’s Working SDG blog series will focus on one goal every weekday in September. This post addresses Goal 11. To find out what you can do, visit here and here. — This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website. […]

The Climate Post: EPA Targets Methane Emissions From Oil and Gas Operations

On Tuesday the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took another step to make good on the Obama administration’s pledge to limit U.S. greenhouse gas emissions 26-28 percent by 2025 by proposing the first methane emissions rules for the nation’s oil and gas industry. Reducing emissions of methane, which have 25 times the heat-trapping capacity of carbon dioxide, is a central component of the administration’s overall climate strategy. The administration’s goal is to cut methane emissions 40 to 45 percent from 2012 levels by 2025. The EPA expects to release its final methane rules next year, after it hears public comments. “Today, through our cost-effective proposed standards, we are underscoring our commitment to reducing the pollution fueling climate change and protecting public health while supporting responsible energy development, transparency and accountability,” EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy said in a statement. “Cleaner-burning energy sources like natural gas are key compliance options for our Clean Power Plan and we are committed to ensuring safe and responsible production that supports a robust clean energy economy.” The rules target new and modified oil and natural gas operations, but as Greenwire reports, they could eventually trigger regulation of methane leakage from the entire sector (subscription). The proposed rules call for oil and gas processing and transmission facilities to locate and repair methane leaks, capture natural gas from hydraulically fractured oil wells and limit emissions from equipment — actions netting climate benefits of $120 to $150 million in 2025, according to the EPA. As they are now, the proposed rules could achieve a cut of 25 to 30 percent by 2025, according to Janet McCabe, acting assistant EPA administrator for air and radiation. To meet the full 40-45 percent goal, the administration expects to rely on voluntary efforts, state regulations and a Department of the Interior rule covering drilling on public lands. The rules supplement recently announced voluntary initiatives to address methane emissions at existing wells — emissions that may be greater than the EPA estimates according to new research. A study conducted by scientists at Colorado State University and published in Environmental Science & Technology, quantifies emissions from thousands of gathering facilities, which consolidate gas from wells and feed it into processing plants or pipelines. These emissions have been largely unreflected in federal statistics, the report says, but may be the largest methane source in the oil and gas supply chain. These newly identified emissions would increase total emissions from that chain in EPA’s current Greenhouse Gas Inventory by approximately 25 percent. Climate Action Declaration Muslim scholars from 20 countries issued an “Islamic Declaration on Climate Change” on Tuesday, calling on the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims to work to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 and to commit to renewable energy sources. The declaration drawing on Islamic teachings and to be presented at the global climate summit in Paris was finalized at the International Islamic Climate Change Symposium in Istanbul this week. “The pace of global climate change today is of a different order of magnitude from the gradual changes that previously occurred throughout the most recent era, the Cenozoic,” the declaration reads. “Moreover, it is human-induced: we have now become a force dominating nature. Our species, though selected to be a caretaker or steward on the earth, has been the cause of such corruption and devastation on it that we are in danger [of] ending life as we know it on our planet.” The declaration asks Muslim countries, particularly those that are “well-off” and “oil-producing,” to lead the greenhouse gas phase out and to provide financial and technical support for climate change efforts by less-affluent states. Alaska and Climate Change Climate change could exacerbate one of Alaska’s worst wildfire seasons — one that has burned some 5 million acres of tundra and forests and ignited fears that large stores of carbon are being emitted into the atmosphere. “We really need to start considering the long-term implications of big fires that are being predicted,” said Nicky Sundt, a climate change expert for the World Wildlife Fund. “In the Arctic, you have a lot of carbon locked up, and the fires will release that. We need to start thinking seriously about the carbon emissions from these fires.” A recent Climate Central analysis shows that in the last 60 years large wildfires in Alaska have essentially doubled and that the wildfire season is 40 percent (35 days) longer than it was in the 1950s, mainly due to rapid warming in the globe’s northern reaches. “The primary driver is temperature. The warmer we get, the more fires we seem to get,” Mike Flannigan, a wildland fire expert at the University of Alberta, said. “We need a 15 percent increase in precipitation to account for the warming. Very few climate models suggest there will be an increase in precipitation to compensate for the increase in temperature. The fuels will be drier in the future and it will be easy to start the spread of fire.” Of particular concern — drying of peat, which then becomes susceptible to burning and release of centuries’ worth of carbon in the span of a few hours of intense fire. Teresa Hollingsworth, a researcher and ecology professor with the University of Alaska Fairbanks, told NPR that many of the state’s fires burned seven feet deep, where vast amounts of carbon are stored. “The carbon released from fire emissions during a large fire year in Alaska is roughly equivalent to 1 percent of the global fossil fuel and land use emissions,” said Dave McGuire, a research scientist and leader of the U.S. Geological Survey’s Alaska Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, in a recent press release. Obama is visiting the state at the end of this month to highlight climate change impacts that go beyond fires. “In Alaska, glaciers are melting,” Obama said in a video released last week. “The hunting and fishing upon which generations have depended for their way of life and for their jobs are being threatened. Storm surges once held at bay now endanger entire villages. As Alaskan permafrost melts, some homes are even sinking into the ground. The state’s God-given natural treasures are all at risk.” The Climate Post offers a rundown of the week in climate and energy news. It is produced each Thursday by Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions. — This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website. […]

Islamic Leaders Issue Bold Call for Rapid Phase Out of Fossil Fuels

Islamic Leaders Issue Bold Call for Rapid Phase Out of Fossil Fuels

Posted by on Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Religious scholars, experts, and teachers from around the world unite to call for climate action.

ssuaphotos/Shutterstock

Islamic leaders have issued a clarion call to 1.6 billion Muslims around the world to work towards phasing out greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 and a 100 percent renewable energy strategy.

The grand muftis of Lebanon and Uganda endorsed the Islamic declaration on climate change, along with prominent Islamic scholars and teachers from 20 countries, at a symposium in Istanbul.

Their collective statement makes several detailed political demands likely to increase pressure on Gulf states ahead of the Paris climate summit in December.

“We particularly call on the well-off nations and oil-producing states to lead the way in phasing out their greenhouse gas emissions as early as possible and no later than the middle of the century,” it says.

Clear emissions reductions targets and monitoring systems should be agreed in Paris, the statement says, along with “generous financial and technical support” for poorer countries to help wean them off fossil fuels.

Read the rest at The Guardian.

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Reflections on Climate Change After Biking Across Turkey

Over the next eight to twelve months, David Kroodsma and Lindsey Fransen are riding their bikes across parts of Asia, and sharing what they learn about the climate issues facing the countries they bike through. I’m writing this blog entry from Batumi, Georgia, sitting on a beach chair and gazing across the Black Sea. This morning we left Turkey and entered Georgia, where we quickly realized just how much Turkish we had learned in our six weeks in the country. In Turkish, we can count to a thousand, make basic conversation about the weather, ask someone how many children they have, and ask if we can set up a tent for the night (our grammar is horrible, but we could communicate). In Georgian, we only know how to say “thank you.” It’s much harder to talk to people. I’m working on a video summary of Turkey, which will show the many highlights: campsites along lakes, rivers, and the Black Sea; families who have hosted us in the countryside and cities; countless stops for tea; the five-times-a-day call to prayer; witnessing the incredible pace of progress in a rapidly growing country — cranes everywhere, building new apartment complexes, new roads, and new power plants. Stay tuned. […]